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Olfaction and neurological diseases, French article
https://www.lbda.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=14&t=246
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Author:  robin [ Thu Mar 15, 2007 2:12 am ]
Post subject:  Olfaction and neurological diseases, French article

An abstract was just put on pubmed.gov today about an article that reviews the literature on olfactory dysfunction in neurological diseases. The excerpt of most interest is: "Severe changes in olfactory tests are observed in Parkinson's disease. Dysfunction is present at disease onset and evidenced with all behavioral tests. Regarding other parkinsonian syndromes, olfactory performances are severely impaired in Lewy body disease, less pronounced in multiple system atrophy and usually preserved in corticobasal degeneration."

Here's the citation and abstract:

Rev Neurol (Paris). 2007 Feb;163(2):155-67.

Olfaction and neurological diseases: a review of the literature. [Article in French]

Demarquay G, Ryvlin P, Royet JP.
Unite de Neurologie Fonctionnelle et d'Epileptologie, Hopital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Lyon.

Olfactory disorders are often misjudged and rarely rated in the clinical setting. They are nevertheless described in a wide range of neurological disorders, and their evaluation can be useful for diagnosis. Usually irreversible olfactory dysfunction is a well-known complication after head trauma. Severe changes in olfactory tests are observed in Parkinson's disease. Dysfunction is present at disease onset and evidenced with all behavioral tests. Regarding other parkinsonian syndromes, olfactory performances are severely impaired in Lewy body disease, less pronounced in multiple system atrophy and usually preserved in corticobasal degeneration. Olfactory deficits are an early feature in Alzheimer's disease and worsen with disease progression. Rarely reported by patients, they must be searched for with olfactory tests. Though epilepsy is mainly known for its olfactory hallucinatory disorders, alterations of olfactory abilities are also described, especially in mesial temporal epilepsy. Disorders of olfactory perception are finally reported in patients with multiple sclerosis and migraine. After a reminder of anatomical data on the olfactory system, and the different methods of testing used to rate olfactory performances, the current review focuses on the type of olfactory dysfunction and damaged brain areas of the olfactory system encountered in the main neurological diseases.

PubMed ID: 17351535

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